A glossary of terms referenced in Blue Box.
Andes: The longest continental mountain range in the world, separates Chile & Argentina.
Aylwin: Patricio Aylwin Azocar, Christian Democrat, first president of Chile after democracy restored in 1990.
Aztec Warrior: Warriors of Mesoamerica (present day central Mexico) at most powerful during 13th and 14th centuries. Elite, brave, highly respected.
Bariloche: Argentinian city in foothills of Andes on historically Mapuche land, now best known as a ski destination.
Cessna: Aircraft manufacturer, best known for small aircraft.
Che Guevara: Argentinian internationalist revolutionary leader. Aided Fidel Castro in overturning Cuban government; captured and killed in 1967 while trying to spark revolution in Bolivia.
Chiapas amber: Deep red, extremely rare amber stone found only in Chiapas, Mexico.
Chicano: Though a hotly-contested term, generally, an American-born person of Mexican descent, often related to Latino-pride.
Christian Democrats: Chilean political party, begun as reformist party in 1957, today centrist-right.
Concepcion University: third-oldest university in Chile, one of the most prestigious. Has always been a hotbed of revolutionary activity.
Condor: Species of vulture; largest flying land birds in Western Hemisphere. 2 types: Andean, in Andes mountains, and California, in western US and Mexico. Massive wingspan, up to almost 10.5 feet.Conga Room Famed LA nightclub for salsa, Latin music; has launched careers & hosted legends.
Contras, Nicaragua: Group of US-backed counter-insurgents recruited to overthrow left-wing Sandinista government in 1980s.
Comahue University: Argentinian national university with hub in Neuquen.
Copacabana: Patron saint of Bolivia, “Brown Virgin”- marriage of Catholic Mary and Aboriginal Mother Earth. Protects roads, cars, passages.East Hastings: Neighbourhood on Vancouver’s downtown east side; known for drugs, prostitution; poorest neighbourhood in Canada.
Eleggua: Yoruba diety, protector of roads and travelers, particularly crossroads. Known for path-clearing.
El Salvador – Final Offensive: FMLN (Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front)’s final attempt to sieze power through revolution in the late 80s and early 90s. The FMLN currently govern El Salvador.
Fidel: Fidel Castro, Cuban socialist revolutionary & president.First Intifada: 1987-1993 Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation, mobilizing thousands of individuals as well as resistance organizations/institutions.
Guadalupe: Incarnation of the Virgin Mary, “Patroness of the Americas”, appeared to Aztec man in 1531. Another “Brown Virgin” — combination of Catholic and Aboriginal traditions.
Huevos: Literally, “eggs”, but colloquially balls/testicles.
Huevos Rancheros Popular Mexican breakfast dish consisting of eggs, tortillas, beans and other ingredients.La Lupe: Short form of “Guadalupe”.
Lapiz Lazuli: deep blue gemstone, birthstone for Taurus, Sagittarius. Chilean national stone.
La Raza largest national Hispanic civil rights and advocacy organization in US.
Los Fabulosos Cadillacs: Argentine Ska band from Buenos Aires.
Maya: Classical civilization of Mesoamerica, prominent in southern Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras & Belize c. 250 AD to present day.
Neoliberal Economy Chile: Economic system characterized by free-market, deregulation, anti-union sentiment, privatization, focus on individual responsibility; Milton Friedman-style “trickle-down” economy.
Panama – US Invasion: From Dec 20-Jan 3 1990, US troops invaded Panama in order to overthrow nationalist leader Manuel Noriega. 23 US soldiers & 3 US citizens killed, 150 Panamanian soldiers and 5000 Panamanian civilians killed. Ten days prior, control of Panama Canal was to revert back to Panamanians.
Pircas: Popular Argentinian nightclub.
Augosto Pinochet: Chilean army general and dictator known for instigating harsh measures against opponents including disappearance, murder and torture in his 17-year regime. Overthrew Salvador Allende’s government, implemented neoliberal economy.
Plebiscite, Chile: 1988 vote, as per the terms of 1980 constitution, to determine whether or not Pinochet would earn right to new 8-year mandate. Pinochet was defeated.
Sacred Heart: Predominately Catholic devotion, prayer meditating upon Jesus’ love.Sandinistas: members of the left-wing, independent nationalist Sandinista National Liberation Front. Currently in government in Nicaragua.
Sea Dragon: Pirate ship ride on Santa Monica pier, swinging out over the ocean.
Spanish Banks: Beach on west side of Vancouver.
Virgin Carmen: Patron saint of Chile, “mother of all Chileans” who guards all borders.West Hollywood: Neighbourhood in Los Angeles known for LGBT population, rent control, social justice legislation ; preferred neighbourhood for up-and-coming actors.
Zapatista: Revolutionary leftist group based in Chiapas, Mexico; named after agrarian reformer Emiliano Zapata, primarily made up of rural indigenous Mayan people.