Glossary of Terms

A glossary of terms referenced in Blue Box.

Andes: The longest continental mountain range in the world, separates Chile & Argentina.

Andes_y_Torre_Entel

Aylwin: Patricio Aylwin Azocar, Christian Democrat, first president of Chile after democracy restored in 1990.

Aztec Warrior: Warriors of Mesoamerica (present day central Mexico) at most powerful during 13th and 14th centuries. Elite, brave, highly respected.

Bariloche: Argentinian city in foothills of Andes on historically Mapuche land, now best known as a ski destination.

Cessna: Aircraft manufacturer, best known for small aircraft.

Che Guevara: Argentinian internationalist revolutionary leader. Aided Fidel Castro in overturning Cuban government; captured and killed in 1967 while trying to spark revolution in Bolivia.

Chiapas amber: Deep red, extremely rare amber stone found only in Chiapas, Mexico.

AmberInsectMuseumSanCris

Chicano: Though a hotly-contested term, generally, an American-born person of Mexican descent, often related to Latino-pride.

Christian Democrats: Chilean political party, begun as reformist party in 1957, today centrist-right.

Concepcion University: third-oldest university in Chile, one of the most prestigious. Has always been a hotbed of revolutionary activity.

Condor: Species of vulture; largest flying land birds in Western Hemisphere. 2 types: Andean, in Andes mountains, and California, in western US and Mexico. Massive wingspan, up to almost 10.5 feet.

By Patomena (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or FAL], via Wikimedia Commons

By Patomena (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or FAL], via Wikimedia Commons

Conga Room Famed LA nightclub for salsa, Latin music; has launched careers & hosted legends.

Contras, Nicaragua: Group of US-backed counter-insurgents recruited to overthrow left-wing Sandinista government in 1980s.

Comahue University: Argentinian national university with hub in Neuquen.

Copacabana: Patron saint of Bolivia, “Brown Virgin”- marriage of Catholic Mary and Aboriginal Mother Earth. Protects roads, cars, passages.

See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons- via Brooklyn Museum

See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons- via Brooklyn Museum

East Hastings: Neighbourhood on Vancouver’s downtown east side; known for drugs, prostitution; poorest neighbourhood in Canada.

Eleggua: Yoruba diety, protector of roads and travelers, particularly crossroads. Known for path-clearing.

El Salvador – Final Offensive: FMLN (Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front)’s final attempt to sieze power through revolution in the late 80s and early 90s. The FMLN currently govern El Salvador.

Fidel: Fidel Castro, Cuban socialist revolutionary & president.

By Marcelo Montecino [CC-BY-SA-2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

By Marcelo Montecino [CC-BY-SA-2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)%5D, via Wikimedia Commons

First Intifada: 1987-1993 Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation, mobilizing thousands of individuals as well as resistance organizations/institutions.

Guadalupe: Incarnation of the Virgin Mary, “Patroness of the Americas”, appeared to Aztec man in 1531. Another “Brown Virgin” — combination of Catholic and Aboriginal traditions.

Huevos: Literally, “eggs”, but colloquially balls/testicles.

Huevos Rancheros Popular Mexican breakfast dish consisting of eggs, tortillas, beans and other ingredients.

English Wikipedia user Elchavobeer [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons

English Wikipedia user Elchavobeer [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)%5D, via Wikimedia Commons

La Lupe: Short form of “Guadalupe”.

Lapiz Lazuli: deep blue gemstone, birthstone for Taurus, Sagittarius. Chilean national stone.

Lapis.elephant.800pix.060203

La Raza largest national Hispanic civil rights and advocacy organization in US.

Los Fabulosos Cadillacs: Argentine Ska band from Buenos Aires.

Maya: Classical civilization of Mesoamerica, prominent in southern Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras & Belize c. 250 AD to present day.

Neoliberal Economy Chile: Economic system characterized by free-market, deregulation, anti-union sentiment, privatization, focus on individual responsibility; Milton Friedman-style “trickle-down” economy.

Panama – US Invasion: From Dec 20-Jan 3 1990, US troops invaded Panama in order to overthrow nationalist leader Manuel Noriega. 23 US soldiers & 3 US citizens killed, 150 Panamanian soldiers and 5000 Panamanian civilians killed. Ten days prior, control of Panama Canal was to revert back to Panamanians.

Pircas: Popular Argentinian nightclub.

Augosto Pinochet: Chilean army general and dictator known for instigating harsh measures against opponents including disappearance, murder and torture in his 17-year regime. Overthrew Salvador Allende’s government, implemented neoliberal economy.

Plebiscite, Chile: 1988 vote, as per the terms of 1980 constitution, to determine whether or not Pinochet would earn right to new 8-year mandate. Pinochet was defeated.

Sacred Heart: Predominately Catholic devotion, prayer meditating upon Jesus’ love.

By Published by N. Currier [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

By Published by N. Currier [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Sandinistas: members of the left-wing, independent nationalist Sandinista National Liberation Front. Currently in government in Nicaragua.

Sea Dragon: Pirate ship ride on Santa Monica pier, swinging out over the ocean.

Spanish Banks: Beach on west side of Vancouver.

Virgin Carmen: Patron saint of Chile, “mother of all Chileans” who guards all borders.

By Moisés Torres (Moisés Torres) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

By Moisés Torres (Moisés Torres) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)%5D, via Wikimedia Commons

West Hollywood: Neighbourhood in Los Angeles known for LGBT population, rent control, social justice legislation ; preferred neighbourhood for up-and-coming actors.

Zapatista: Revolutionary leftist group based in Chiapas, Mexico; named after agrarian reformer Emiliano Zapata, primarily made up of rural indigenous Mayan people.

"You are in Zapatista territory in rebellion. Here the people command and the government obeys". By Paolo Massa ('phauly') (Flickr) [CC-BY-SA-2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

“You are in Zapatista territory in rebellion. Here the people command and the government obeys”. By Paolo Massa (‘phauly’) (Flickr) [CC-BY-SA-2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)%5D, via Wikimedia Commons

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