Samba is a Brazilian dance with roots in Africa, Portugal and Aboriginal traditions. Known for its syncopated rhythm, the samba evolved from exclusively a solo dance in the 19th century to, in the 1930s, a dance that could be partnered. It has, for a century, been inexorably tied to Brazil’s famed Carnival. Samba traditionally employs traditional Brazilian instruments such as the tamborim, cabaca and chocalho. The feeling of samba is light and bouncy and uses contractions and compressions in of the gut and pelvis.
Learn to Samba with these tutorials (more here):
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Notes on Samba by Chris and Terri Cantrell